When we are asked to describe or explain causes, factors, functions or results, the examiner wants us to group our facts. Similar causes are put together, for instance the economic causes of a situation. There are basically two main ways to organise this type of essay. There are two main methods of presenting an argument, and in general the one you choose will depend on exactly how the essay title is worded. Give the arguments for and against Assess the importance of Examine the arguments for and against What are the advantages and disadvantages of?
Critically examine the statement that To what extent is That is to say you should present both sides of an argument, without necessarily committing yourself to any points of view, which should always be based on evidence, until the final paragraph. After summarising the two sides, state your own point of view, and explain why you think as you do.
How to Start a Persuasive Essay
See: Academic Writing: Functions - Arguing and discussing ; - Expressing degrees of certainty ; - Generalising ; - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences ; - Giving examples. This second type of argumentative essay involves stating your own point of view immediately, and trying to convince the reader by reasoned argument that you are right.
Perhaps the essay title will begin with something like:. Give your views on What do you think about?
Do you agree that? Consider whether Or perhaps the title itself will be so controversial that everyone will hold a definite opinion in one direction or another.
Step 1 - Choosing Your Position
In this type of essay the examiner is giving you a statement. You must decide how true it is? Are there some areas where you disagree with the statement. If so, describe how far you agree, and your points of agreement and disagreement. Words used in the question are:.
To what extent How true How far do you agree Contrast or distinguish between questions usually present you with two or more terms, instruments, concepts or procedures that are closely connected, and sometimes confused. The purpose of the essay is to explain the differences between them. The question may be of the form:. Distinguish between What is the difference between What are the differences between How are See: Academic Writing: Functions - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences ; - Defining ; - Generalising ; - Giving examples.
Compare questions usually present you with two or more terms, instruments, concepts or procedures that are closely connected, and sometimes confused. The purpose of the essay is to explain the similarities between them.
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Words used are:. What features do What are the similarities between Compare and contrast essays require you to indicate areas in which the things to be compared are similar and different. Introduction to differences and similarities between A and B.
Argumentative Essays // Purdue Writing Lab
Plan answers for some of the questions in Understanding the question: Examples of questions. Introduction major aspects of the subject. Step One leads to. Step Two leads to. Conclusion Summary of process. Introduction to causes of A. Introduce the argument to the reader. Reasons against the argument. Reasons in favour of the argument. Introduce the topic briefly in general terms, and then state your own opinion. Explain what you plan to prove in the essay. Dispose briefly of the main objections to your case. Reasons for your argument the arguments to support your own view, with evidence and examples.
To find a good topic for an argumentative essay, consider several issues and choose a few that spark at least two solid, conflicting points of view. As you look over a list of topics , find one that really piques your interest, as you'll be more successful if you're passionate about your topic.
http://taylor.evolt.org/kocid-conocer-gente.php Once you have selected a topic you feel strongly about, make a list of points for both sides of the argument. When shaping an argument you'll have to explain why your belief is reasonable and logical, so list points you can use as evidence for or against an issue. Ultimately, determine your side of the argument and make sure you can back up your point of view with reasoning and evidence. Work against the opposing point of view and prove why your stance is correct. One of your essay's first objectives will be to assess both sides of your issue.
Consider strong arguments for both your side, as well as the "other" side—in order to shoot their statements down. Provide evidence without drama; sticking to the facts and clear examples that support your stance. You may look for research that provides statistics on your topic that support your reasoning, as well as examples of how your topic impacts people, animals, or even the Earth. Interviewing experts on your topic can also help you structure a compelling argument. Once you've given yourself a solid foundation of information, begin to craft your essay.
An argument essay, as with all essays, should contain three parts: the introduction , the body, and the conclusion. The length of paragraphs in these parts will vary depending on the length of your essay assignment. As in any essay, the first paragraph of your argument essay should introduce the topic with a brief explanation of your topic, some background information, and a thesis statement.
In this case, your thesis is a statement of your position on a specific controversial topic. The body of your essay should contain the meat of your argument. Go into more detail about the two sides of your topic and state the strongest points of the counter-side of your issue.
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